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Know Disaster

Dos and Don'ts For Disasters


Before the Cyclone season
► Check the house; secure loose tiles, carry out repair works for doors and windows
► Remove dead woods or dying trees close to the house
► Keep some wooden boards ready so that glass windows can be boarded if needed
► Keep a hurricane lantern filled with kerosene, battery operated torches and enough dry cells
► Demolish condemned buildings
► Keep some extra batteries for transistors
► Keep some dry non-perishable food always ready for emergency use


Do's and Don'ts for Drought
► Monitoring of rainfall situation during South West Monsoon period, on regular basis.
► Issue of advisories to farmers for taking up drought resistant crops & crops requiring less water.
► Judicious use of available water.
► Ensure availability of agricultural inputs.
► Optimum utilisation of funds available under various schemes/programmes implemented by Central and State Govts. towards mitigating adverse effects of drought.
► Do not waste water, especially drinking water, as it is precious.
► Do not waste food, as it could be useful for those in need.


If Indoor:
► DROP to the ground; take COVER by getting under a sturdy table or other piece of furniture; and HOLD ON until the shaking stops. If there isn't a table or desk near you, cover your face and head with your arms and crouch in an inside corner of the building.
► Protect yourself by staying under the lintel of an inner door, in the corner of a room, under a table or even under a bed.
► Stay away from glass, windows, outside doors and walls, and anything that could fall, such as lighting fixtures or furniture.
► Stay in bed if you are there when the earthquake strikes. Hold on and protect your head with a pillow, unless you are under a heavy light fixture that could fall. In that case, move to the nearest safe place.
► Use a doorway for shelter only if it is in close proximity to you and if you know it is a strongly supported, loadbearing doorway.
► Stay inside until the shaking stops and it is safe to go outside. Research has shown that most injuries occur when people inside buildings attempt to move to a different location inside the building or try to leave.
► Be aware that the electricity may go out or the sprinkler systems or fire alarms may turn on.
► DO NOT use the elevators.

If Outdoors:
► Stay there.
► Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and utility wires.
► Once in the open, stay there until the shaking stops. The greatest danger exists directly outside buildings, at exits, and alongside exterior walls. Most earthquake-related casualties result from collapsing walls, flying glass, and falling objects.

If in a moving vehicle:
► Stop as quickly as safety permits and stay in the vehicle. Avoid stopping near or under buildings, trees, overpasses, and utility wires.
► Proceed cautiously once the earthquake has stopped. Avoid roads, bridges, or ramps that might have been damaged by the earthquake.


► Stay Calm, don't panic and don't run.
► Raise alarm and alert everyone in your premises.
► Escape first and then call for help.
► Use nearest available exit routes.
► While leaving the premises. Close all doors & windows behind you if possible but must ensure that nobody is left behind and you are safe.
► Use only escapes routes because they are built for the purpose.
► Use staircase 'Don't use Lifts'.
► If you are trapped in your room, close the door and block any gaps which might let smoke or fumes through. Shout from the window to attract attention of rescue team as well as others.

► Never stand up in a fire always crawl low under the smoke and try to keep your mouth covered.
► Never go back into a burning building for any reason.
► Teach children not to hide from fireman, If someone is missing, tell the fireman. They are equipped to perform rescues safely.
► Don't secure open fire and smoke check doors as they limit the spread of fire and smoke when in closed position.
► Don't be tempted to clutter the stairs, corridors and lobbies as they are your escape routes.
► Never use lifts in case of fire. Always use staircase.
► Do not stop collect belongings.
► Don't shout or run. This tends to cause panic to others .


Do's and Don'ts:
► DO keep your emergency kit with you, safe and dry
► DO watch out for your children at all times AND DO NOT allow them to swim or play in flood water
► DO take care of elderly people do not allow their feet to remain submerged in water / keep them dry as far as possible
► DO take particular care of people with special needs such as restricted mobility, eyesight difficulties or hearing difficulties they may need assistance in responding to emergency warnings and you should plan for this
► DO take note of the health of your family and community members.
► DO evacuate to higher ground where possible
► DO listen to local announcements over loudhailer / public broadcast, radio or TV where possible and carefully follow all advice and warnings
► DO NOT wade through flood water
► DO NOT eat food which has been in contact with flood water
► DO NOT drink water from wells; ONLY drink water which has been boiled, or supplied in bottles
► DO NOT use gas, electricity or electrical appliances which have come into contact with flood water until they have been safety checked
► DO NOT walk near river banks, sand bag mounds or canal edges these may collapse

If Outdoors:
► find a higher ground level or elevated area near you. Not stay there
► Move away from buildings, trees, streetlights, and utility wires.

If you must prepare to evacuate, you should:
► Secure your home. If you have time, bring in outdoor furniture. Move essential items to an upper floor.
► Turn off utilities at the main switches or valves if instructed to do so. Disconnect electrical appliances. Do not touch electrical equipment if you are wet or standing in water.


Do's for Protection from Landslides:
► Prepare tour to hilly region according to information given by weather department or news channel.
► Move away from landslide and avalanche path quickly without wasting time.
► Listen for unusual sounds such as trees cracking or boulders knocking together.
► Stay alert, awake and active (A-3) during the impact or probability of impact.
► Go to or locate public shelters,
► Try to stay with your family and companions.
► Check for injured and trapped persons.
► Mark path of tracking so that you can't be lost in middle of the forest.
► Know how to give signs or how to communicate during emergency time to flying helicopters and rescue team.

Don'ts for Protection from Landslides:
► Try to avoid staying in vulnerable hotel, guest house etc. near riverbank, steep slope.
► Do not panic and loose energy by crying.
► Don't touch or walk over loose material and electrical wiring or pole.
► Don't built houses near steep slopes and near drainage path.
► Don't drink contaminated water directly from rivers, springs, wells but rain water if collected directly without is fine.
► Don't eat wild fruits or things not known to you,
► Don't move an injured person without rendering first aid unless the casualty is in immediate danger.


Dos and Don'ts for Protection from Tsunamis:
► Drop, cover, and hold on.
You should first protect yourself from the earthquake damages.
► When the shaking stops.
Gather members of your household and move quickly to higher ground away from the coast. A tsunami may be coming within minutes.
► Avoid downed power lines and stay away from damaged buildings and bridges from which Heavy objects might fall during an aftershock.

Urban floods:

Do's and Don'ts for Protection from Urban floods:
► Switch off electrical and gas appliances, and turn off services at the mains
► Carry your emergency kit and let your friends and family know where you are going.
► Avoid contact with flood-water – it may be contaminated with sewage, oil, chemicals or other substances.
► If you have to walk in standing water, use a pole or stick to ensure that you do not step into deep water, open manholes or ditches.
► Stay away from power lines – electrical current can travel through water. Report power lines that are down to power company.
► Look before you step – after a flood, the ground and floors are covered with debris, which may include broken bottles, sharp objects, nails etc. Floors and stairs covered with mud and debris can be slippery.
► Listen to the radio or television for updates and information.
► Don't walk through flowing water – currents can be deceptive, and shallow, fast moving water can knock you off your feet.
► Don't drive through a flooded area – you may not be able to see abrupt drop-offs and only half a meter of flood water can carry a car away. Driving through flood water can also cause additional damage to nearby property
► Don't eat any food that has come into contact with flood water.
► Don't reconnect your power supply until a qualified engineer has checked it. Be alert for gas leaks do not smoke or use candles, lanterns, or open flames.
► Never use TVs, VCRs, CRT terminals or other electrical equipment while standing on wet floors, especially concrete.

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